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Periodontitis, or gum disease at it’s commonly known, is a serious oral health condition that can cause tooth loss, cancer, and even lead to heart disease. It’s obviously something you don’t want to deal with, so it makes sense to be informed about what causes gum disease in the first place.

So let’s look at the most common cause of gum disease and what you can do to avoid it.

When residual food particles and plaque are not effectively removed by your daily oral hygiene routine, they can easily harden into tartar. Tartar is a bacterial-rich substance that is very hard to remove with brushing and flossing. This constant bacterial presence often leads to the inflammation and eventual infection in the gum tissues.

Periodontal disease starts out in the form of gingivitis. Common symptoms often include gums that bleed easily when brushing and flossing and issues with chronic bad breath. In many cases, the gums might also look red or inflamed. Improvements to your daily oral hygiene routine and a thorough dental cleaning with Dr. Frank Celenza can often reverse gingivitis.

If gingivitis is allowed to advance unchecked, it will eventually develop into the more serious form of gum disease known as periodontitis. This inflammation and infection cause the gums to slowly pull back from the base of the teeth. In time, pockets of infection form near the roots of your teeth. Periodontitis can even result in the loss of structure in the bones that anchor your teeth to your jaw.

If you have any symptoms of gum disease, or want a checkup to ensure you’re in good oral health, call us today at 212-327-2623 to schedule a consultation appointment.